Founded in 1877, the Illinois State Bar Association today provides professional services to more than 30,000 members, and educational and informational services to the public about the judiciary and the legal profession. As a private, not-for-profit corporation, membership is voluntary. The Association’s membership strives to improve the profession and expand access to justice.
Eighty-eight lawyers from 37 counties met in the Sangamon County Courthouse in Springfield on January 4, 1877, and agreed to form the Illinois State Bar Association. At that time, the founders adopted as Article II of its constitution the following goals:
[T]o cultivate the science of jurisprudence, to promote reform in the law, to facilitate the administration of justice, to elevate the standard of integrity, honor and courtesy in the legal profession, to encourage a thorough and liberal education, and to cherish a spirit of brotherhood among the members thereof.
Highlights of ISBA’s history include:
In 1879 the ISBA made Myra Bradwell and Ada Kepley honorary members, even though both had been denied licenses to practice law because they were women. It was a daring step for an infant organization.
In the late 1800s, the legal profession was not held in high esteem due largely to the low educational requirements in admission standards. In 1897, the ISBA and Chicago Bar Association responded by making proposals to the state supreme court to create a state board of law examiners and to require a high school education for admission to the bar. These recommendations were adopted, and admission to the bar became steadily more challenging.
The ISBA was influential in the consolidation of the Illinois Supreme Court's three grand divisions into a single court in 1897 and later in locating the court in Springfield, where the current building was completed in 1908. In 1931, the ISBA became a pioneer in the fight against the unauthorized practice of law when it brought an action against People's Stock Yards State Bank. The case established the principle that the supreme court has inherent power to punish any corporation or unauthorized person who practices law without a license.
In 1933, after 22 years of effort by the ISBA, the Illinois General Assembly adopted the Civil Practice Act of 1933, Illinois' first modern system of civil practice and procedure. And in 1935, the ISBA worked with competing legal publishers to arrive at a State Bar Association edition of the Illinois statutes which could be cited as legal authority and which is still in use today.
In 1962, the ISBA spearheaded the successful campaign for revision of the judicial article of the Illinois Constitution. This sweeping change led to the creation of our modern judiciary and is generally considered to be the ISBA's most important public initiative.
The ISBA was instrumental in the adoption of the Criminal Code (1961) and the Code of Criminal Procedure (1963). In the 1970's and 80's, the ISBA was a strong advocate for the no-fault divorce provisions of the Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act and for independent administration of decedents' estates, both of which became law. In the Congress, the ISBA played a significant role in drafting language governing generation-skipping tax transfers. The ISBA also was instrumental in creating the Illinois Institute for Continuing Legal Education, the Client Security Fund of the Bar of Illinois, the Lawyers' Assistance Program, and the Lawyers Trust Fund.
Past ISBA presidents have included:
- Orville H. Browning, ISBA President in 1881, was appointed to fill the U.S. Senate seat of Stephen A. Douglas after Douglas’ untimely death;
- Justice of the United States Supreme Court, David Davis, appointed to the Court by President Abraham Lincoln, also served as the ISBA's president in 1884;
- Melville Fuller of Chicago, who was the ISBA president in 1886 and served as Chief Justice of the United States from 1888 to 1910;
- Lyman Trumbull, ISBA President in 1892, served as U.S. Senator from Illinois during the Civil War and co-authored the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, abolishing slavery.
- Albert E. Jenner, Jr., ISBA President in 1949, served as Assistant Counsel to the Warren Commission and as Special Counsel to the House Judiciary Committee during the Watergate scandal.
The Association is proud to have as Honorary Members, President Barack Obama, Michelle Obama, Hillary Clinton and author Harper Lee, whose depiction of Atticus Finch in To Kill A Mockingbird stands as an unparalleled example of legal integrity.
In 2002, the Illinois State Bar Association celebrated its 125th anniversary with celebrations at the Old State Capitol Building in Springfield. James R. Thompson, who as governor of Illinois attended the ISBA's celebration of its centennial in 1977, was the keynote speaker for the Association's 125th anniversary banquet.
In 2009, to honor the 200th Anniversary of President Abraham Lincoln’s birth, the Association commissioned a bust of Lincoln, which was presented to the People of the State of Illinois. The bust, seen here, is displayed inside the Supreme Court Building in Springfield.
The ISBA continues to promote ideas and proposals to strengthen the legal profession and the confidence and trust the public has in it. The Association actively addresses issues like the unauthorized practice of law, initiatives to improve Illinois courts and how to select and evaluate our judges, support for pro bono efforts and legal services for the disadvantaged, and much more.